“For them I am a sweeper, sweeper — untouchable! Untouchable! Untouchable! That’s the word! Untouchable! I am an Untouchable!”(pg. 100)

Anand, Mulk Raj. Untouchable. Penguin Books, 2014

This pivotal internal moment shows a conscience mind reacting to the unfortunate reality of society and its ways. The repetition of the word “untouchable” shows this built up anger and outrage, Bakha, a worker, has in him. The workers are regarded in such a negative way, stripped of human rights, and this moment when Bakha say this shows him realizing the true severe meaning of an “untouchable”. Before it was something he knew about in his subconscious and to an extent accepted and at this moment after his encounter with the higher caste man, he has a moment of realization where he feels what it is to be an untouchable.

Their eyes were watching God

“Even before the sun gave light, dead day was creeping from bush to bush watching man.”

Their eyes are watching God- Zora Neale Hurston Pg.155

Nature, God, and Janie all are connected and the way the dead day is described here shows this. The destructive and dark imagery tied with nature is a reoccurring theme as the novel progresses and serves to show that nature, a powerful force, isn’t just limited to beauty, serenity, etc. It also ties with the larger theme of contentment that Janie is seeking and is essentially on a journey for. The perplexity of nature shown in the novel pertains to the development of Janie through her experiences throughout the novel. The way nature is described here, foreshadows the negative events to come. The way nature is portrayed serves to warn the characters and readers. Natures representation also ties with God since He has all power and controls nature. Janie continued to live life fully aware of God and His power allowing her to live without fear of judgement from others, she is only watching God’s eyes and no one else’s.


” When one is on the soil of one’s ancestors, most anything can come to one.”

The varying form, content, and technique Toomer incorporates within Cane, allows for the . The modernism aspect to his work shows it to be a challenge to tradition with its center around African American experience in rural South and urban North. This quote from Fern, shows the stressed theme of importance to ancestral past. Toomer uses the word soil to connect to the Earth, but on a deeper level, the roots they share with their ancestors who were enslaved. The choice of words evokes an emotional connection and implies a deeper message of saying the ancestors are still present in the soil and will stay remembered.

Whose Body

“Quite frightened her, and made her think he suspected her of something, though what good a body could be to her, poor girl, I can’t imagine, and so I told the inspector.”

Sayers, Dorothy, L. “Whose Body” Dover Publications, INC. Mineola, New York 2009.

This quote occurs early in the novel, but highlights a reoccurring social issue pertaining to the novel. The quote ties ideas about gender and women as victims allowing the idea of feminism in a crime, mystery novel to be analyzed. In this early scene Thipps’ ability to not imagine shows a somewhat closed off view, and failure of reading. A feminist reading of this scene could point out that assumptions are avoided due to the fact of gender, which leads to social issues.

As I Lay Dying

“It takes two people to make you, and one people to die. That’s how the world is going to end.” (pg. 39) 

Faulkner, William. As I Lay Dying. Vintage Books, 1985.

Darl’s words here refer to the loss of life, his mother is experiencing, but Faulkner’s diction here allows for larger life issues to be addressed when a person is grieving. The tone of his quote is very intense and somewhat sadistic towards Jewel. Faulkner’s decision to use the word “people” in the second part of the sentence instead of “person” shows death is so powerful it impacts multiple people and leads to a negative ending as shown by the end of the sentence. Joyce’s diction in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, is similar to that of Faulkner’s in the way that it has an underlying serious tone and message. Joyce uses irony and other techniques related to sympathy (towards Stephen) to convey this message.


A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

“They all laughed again. Stephen tried to laugh with them. He felt his whole body hot and confused in a moment. What was the right answer to the question?”

James Joyce, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young man, ed. Jeri Johnson (Oxford: Oxford UP, 2000), 12

The internal confusion and social disconnection Stephen experiences is expressed within these lines, which contributes highly to his overall childhood. The actions of the other boys makes him question himself, his upbringing, and leads to this build up of insecurity. The fact that Stephen doesn’t know how to feel depicts the somewhat unfortunate but simple, natural nature of childhood.  The language in these chapters can be described as quite simple which correlates to the lack of full understanding of his surroundings and their impact.

The Middle Years

“What he dreaded was the idea that his reputation should stand on the unfinished. It was not with his past but with his future that it should properly be concerned. Illness and age rose before him like specters with pitiless eyes : how was he to bribe such fates to give him the second chance? He had has the one chance that all men have–he had had the chance of life.”

James, Henry, 1843-1916, and Percy Lubbock. The Middle Years. New York: C. Scribner’s sons, 1917, 610.

Dencombe reflects on his purpose in life by realizing a writer will never be fully content and satisfied by his work. He stresses on the possible negative outcomes associated to his work, instead of realizing how much readers have appreciated the work. Dencombe realizes with his illness and age he won’t get a second chance to be remembered for something he is content and satisfied with, just what he has already done. This internal moment highlights a deeper message regarding life, and that is to understand the chance and opportunities life grants.